Planning and Preparing Coverage is a fundamental concern that journalists need to master. The reporting technique explores how journalists plan, prepare, and carry out coverage. However, exploring meaningful coverage techniques includes exploring how facility steps work, before the time they choose to cover an event, busy or event.
Each facility has a so-called partial news value eligibility requirement. In addition, they include having a so-called editorial policy editorial policy. The criteria for the feasibility of the news are universal and not much different from one facility and another. While the redactional policy of each facility is able to differ, depending on the vision and mission or ideology it adheres to. Want to know anything to Plan And Prepare Coverage?
Planning And Preparing Coverage Properly
a. Short-Term and Long-Term Coverage Planning
From the time aspect, the coverage plan recognizes both short-term and long-term plans. Planning coverage for the next week or month, as well as short-term plans. While the coverage plan for the next year, is a long-term plan. This year’s span has been maximized.
b. Coverage Planning Based on Big Day Moments
Coverage planning can be done together in reference to certain moments, which have been known before. For example, coverage that is about being together with big days and public holidays. Planning coverage for the fasting month and Eid al-Fitr, Christmas, New Year, and so on can be done in advance, because the big days have been listed on the calendar.
There are also other more special moments, such as National Education Day 2 May, World Environment Day (June 5), Bhayangkara Day (July 1), TNI Anniversary (October 5), Teacher’s Day (November 25), and Human Rights Day (December 10), Lampung Provincial Anniversary, and Indonesian Independence Day.
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Even the means can prepare certain coverage to remember or reflect on special moments, such as the end-of-year kaleidoscope, the Aceh tsunami disaster.
c. Coverage Planning Based on Growing Phenomena and Issues
Sensitive and severe journalists observe phenomena and issues that develop in society. If there are issues or trends that kudu and affect the lives of many people, the editorial staff kudu swiftly in directing the coverage. In fact, if kudu kudu is ready to make a change in the priority of the news because there are issues that are seen as more urgent.
Cases of child abduction are suddenly rampant, the discovery of the number of cobra children in settlements, the issue of terrorism that takes a large toll, the disclosure of major corruption in the official environment, and others, all of it can make a change in the direction of the news.
Therefore, kudu is understood that coverage plans do not always follow linear lines, such as coverage plans based on national big day moments. It is precisely “irregularities” and there is an “element of surprise” that causes the world of journalism is very dynamic, challenging, and interesting to be parachuted in.
An example is the phenomenon of climate change. As journalists, we witness and record abrasion in coastal areas, erratic weather, melting snow in varied areas of the earth, etc. Based on this, journalists can cause in-depth coverage that climate change is happening.
d. Coverage Planning Based on Circulation Considerations
For print facilities such as Lampung Post, can not not if they want to be large circulation they kudu so large coverage coverage area, which becomes the main target of media distribution.
The target area is of course an area that has a large enough reader potential, either observed based on population or purchasing power. In order for the printing facility to be appreciated and consumed in the region, kudu means to raise issues or news that concern together the needs or interests of readers in the region.
Lampung Post daily prepares a certain page containing news about together areas in all districts in Lampung Province. Readers who live in the district can get information about their area on that particular page.
e. Coverage Planning Based on Advertising Considerations (Marketing)
The strong trend in the media business, embodied in the mechanism of action of newsroom (redaction) over the last year, is so thin the barriers or limits on the field of redaction and the field of business or business (including marketing and advertising). There is a coordination or synergy that becomes tight on the two areas, which at first seems to be a path alone and reluctant to intersect.
For example, a number of newspapers have certain rubrics that appear periodically, once a week each. That particular page, for example, contains automotive, information technology, health, education, and so on.
So, it has been included in the coverage plan that each Thursday there can be a rubric and a certain page of fitness because business members have a similar employment contract together with the Indonesian Doctors Association (IDI). A number of editorial staff were also assigned to prepare joint coverage of health issues. Likewise, together with certain pages such as automotive.
Before a journalist goes to the field to do a coverage assignment, he needs to do more than one preparation. Because, without making preparations, journalists will be confused in the field and do not understand what facts to gather.
When in an event, many journalists are confused and ask their friends, what is the importance or point of view of what is most interesting to write about? To keep the above issues away, journalists need to do more than one preparation.
1. Updating information
Being a reporter demands that we forever study a new subject. It doesn’t need to be very profound, but it’s good to understand the fundamental questions in a variety of topics, if political, economic, cultural, social, climate change. For this, the reporter needs to read diligently, because reading it is like gasoline that will give additional power so that we can smoothly write. Moreover, precisely this, new knowledge quickly appeared, reporters need forever updates! By bringing a lot of knowledge, we will not ‘blank’ similarly at all precisely covering various events are not the same every day. At least, we know, the basic rules regarding with the events we cover.
2. Do a little research
If we bring it right and understand the specific problem that we will cover, it could lead to a small amount of research to explore the problem. We can ask Google. With this, we are able to understand the background of the event so that it can lead us in asking the source and choose the right point of view. Believe it or not, rightly interview many questions come from journalists who are told by the source. Because the journalist was wrong to ask because he did not bring the slightest knowledge about the events he covered.
3. Create the Coverage Outline
Creating an outline is a necessary way before it will cover. The coverage outline supports reporters to focus on tracing the main source of events. Outline more and more need to cause long coverage, if in-depth coverage and investigative reports.
4. Preparing the equipment
To do the coverage, journalists need to bring the necessary equipment, for example, block notes and stationery, recording equipment, and cameras. Check that all equipment is forever useful and make sure that the battery of the recording device and mobile phone are sufficient. Voice recording devices are essential, even for covering conflict events. With a recording device, we bring strong evidence that our news is in question.
If you are doing coverage in a distant area, also prepare supplies, more drinking water and food. If you are covering in a conflict area, re-read the principles of how to cover safely so that it is forever safe and able to write news. Finally, don’t forget to bring your ID and press card.
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